Comprehensive Exam List 1

Here is the full list of sources I am reading for my comprehensive exam question pertaining to representation and postcolonial perspectives on nonprofit and faith-based organizations.

*Please excuse citation errors. I have not had time yet to go through and put everything in APA format.

Readings on Nonprofits:


  • Lewis, L. (2005). The civil society sector: A review of critical issues and research agenda for organizational communication scholars. Management Communication Quarterly, 19(2), 238–267.
  • Martens, K. (2002). Mission impossible? Defining nongovernmental organizations. Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, 13(3), 271–285.
  • Milburn, T. (2009). Nonprofit organizations: Creating membership through communication. Hampton Press.
  • Murphy, A. G., & Dixon, M. A. (2012). Discourse, Identity, and Power in International Nonprofit Collaborations. Management Communication Quarterly, 26(1), 166–172.
  • Koschmann, M. A. (2012). Developing a Communicative Theory of the Nonprofit. Management Communication Quarterly, 26(1), 139–146.
  • Kirby, E. L., & Koschmann, M. A. (2012). Forum introduction: Communication-centered contributions to advancing scholarship in/of nonprofit and voluntary organizations. Management Communication Quarterly, 26(1), 133-138.
  • Dempsey, S. E. (2012). Nonprofits as political actors. Management Communication Quarterly, 26(1), 147-151.
  • Lewis, L. K. (2012). Becoming useful: Using engaged scholarship as a means to move NPO scholarship forward. Management Communication Quarterly, 26(1), 186-192.

Faith-based organizations

  • Bielefeld, W., & Cleveland, W. S. (2013). Defining Faith-Based Organizations and Understanding Them Through Research. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 42(3), 442–467.
  • Bornstein, E. (2005). The spirit of development: Protestant NGOs, morality, and economics in Zimbabwe. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. Original edition, New York: Routledge, 2003.
  • Bradley, T. (2009). A call for clarification and critical analysis of the work of Faith-Based Development Organizations (FBDO). Progress in Development Studies, 9(2), 101–114.
  • Clarke, G. (2006). Faith matters: Faith-based organisations, civil society and international development. Journal of International Development, 18(6), 835–848.
  • Demerath III, N. J., Hall, P.D., Schmitt, T., Williams, R. H. (1998). Sacred companies: Organizational aspects of religion and religious aspects of organizations. Oxford University Press on Demand.
  • Frumkin, P., & Andre-Clark, A. (2000). When Missions, Markets, and Politics Collide: Values and Strategy in the Nonprofit Human Services. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 29(1_suppl), 141–163.
  • Jeavons, T. H. (2004). Religious and faith-based organizations: Do we know one when we see one? Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 33(1), 140–145.
  • Lachlan, K. A., & Spence, P. R. (2011). Crisis Communication and the Underserved: The Case for Partnering with Institutions of Faith. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 39(4), 448–451. doi:10.1080/00909882.2011.608692
    McNamee, L. G. (2011). Faith-Based Organizational Communication and its Implications for Member Identity. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 39(4), 422–440.
    Moyer, J. M., Sinclair, A. J., & Spaling, H. (2012). Working for God and Sustainability: The Activities of Faith-Based Organizations in Kenya. VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, 23(4), 959–992.
    Schneider, J. A. (2013). Comparing Stewardship Across Faith-Based Organizations. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 42(3), 517–539.
    Thaut, L. C. (2009). The role of faith in Christian faith-based humanitarian agencies: Constructing the taxonomy. Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, 20(4), 319–350.

Critical Representation (Communication studies):

  • Clair, R. P., & Anderson, L. B. (2013). Portrayals of the Poor on the Cusp of Capitalism: Promotional Materials in the Case of Heifer International. Management Communication Quarterly, 27(4), 537–567.
  • Collier, M. J., & Muneri, C. (2016). A Call for Critical Reflexivity: Reflections on Research with Nongovernmental and Nonprofit Organizations in Zimbabwe and Kenya. Western Journal of Communication, 80(5), 638–658. doi:10.1080/10570314.2016.1187762
  • Cruz, J. (2013). Framing Illness and Health on the USAID Website for Senegal. In J. Servaes (Ed.), Sustainability, Participation, and Culture in Communication: Theory and Practice (pp. 294–308). Intellect Books.
  • Gill, R., & Wells, C. C. (2014). Welcome to the “Hunger Games”: An Exploration of the Rhetorical Construction of Legitimacy for One U.S.-Based Nonprofit Organization. Management Communication Quarterly, 28(1), 26–55.
  • Hanchey, J. N. (2016). Agency Beyond Agents: Aid Campaigns in Sub-Saharan Africa and Collective Representations of Agency. Communication, Culture & Critique, 9(1), 11–29.
  • Hanchey, J. N. (2019) Reframing the Present: Mock Aid Videos and the Foreclosure of African Epistemologies. Women & Language, 42(2), 317-345. doi:10.34036/WL.2019.028
  • Hanchey, J. N. (2018). Reworking Resistance: A Postcolonial Perspective on International NGOs. In P. J. Salem & E. Timmerman (Eds.), Transformative Practice and Research in Organizational Communication: (pp. 274–291). IGI Global.
  • Hanchey, J. N., & Berkelaar, B. L. (2015). Context Matters: Examining Discourses of Career Success in Tanzania. Management Communication Quarterly, 29(3), 411–439.
  • Jones, P. S. (2004). When ‘development’ devastates: donor discourses, access to HIV/AIDS treatment in Africa and rethinking the landscape of development. Third World Quarterly, 25(2), 385-404.
  • Manzo, K. (2008). Imaging Humanitarianism: NGO Identity and the Iconography of Childhood. Antipode, 40(4), 632–657. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8330.2008.00627.x
  • Nathanson, J. (2013). The Pornography of Poverty: Reframing the Discourse of International Aid’s Representations of Starving Children. Canadian Journal of Communication, 38(1).
  • Balaji, Murali. “Racializing Pity: The Haiti Earthquake and the Plight of ‘Others.'” Critical Studies in Media Communication, 28, no. 1 (2011): 50-67.
  • Bell, Katherine. “‘A Delicious Way to Help Save Lives’: Race, Commodification, and Celebrity in Product (RED).” Journal of International and Intercultural Communication 4, no. 3 (2011): 163-180.
  • Chouliaraki, Lila. “The Theatricality of Humanitarianism: A Critique of Celebrity Advocacy.” Communication and Critical/Cultural Studies 9, no. 1 (2012): 1-21.
  • Cloud, Dana L. “‘To Veil the Threat of Terror’: Afghan Women and the <Clash of Civilizations> in the Imagery of the U.S. War on Terrorism.” Quarterly Journal of Speech 90, no. 3 (2004): 285-306.
  • Cloud, Dana. L. “Shock Therapy: Oprah Winfrey, Celebrity Philanthropy, and Disaster ‘Relief’ in Haiti.” Critical Studies in Media Communication 31, no. 1 (2014): 42-56.
  • Dempsey, Sarah E. “Negotiating Accountability within International Contexts: The Role of Bounded Voice.” Communication Monographs 74, no. 3 (2007): 311-332.
  • Dempsey, Sarah E. “NGOs, Communicative Labor, and the Work of Grassroots Representation.” Communication and Critical/Cultural Studies 6, no. 4 (2009): 328-345.
  • Norander, Stephanie and Lynn M. Harter. “Reflexivity in Practice: Challenges and Potentials of Transnational Organizing.” Management Communication Quarterly 26, no. 1 (2012): 74-105.
  • Schwartz-DuPre, Rae Lyn. “Portraying the Political: National Geographic’s 1985 Afghan Girl and a U.S. Alibi for Imperialism.” Critical Studies in Media Communication 27, no. 4 (2010): 336-356.
  • Steeves, H. Leslie. “Commodifying Africa on U.S. Network Reality Television.” Communication, Culture & Critique 1, no. 4 (2008): 416-446.

Postcolonial lens

  • Broadfoot, K. J., & Munshi, D. (2007). Diverse voices and alternative rationalities: Imagining forms of postcolonial organizational communication. Management Communication Quarterly, 21, 249–267.doi:10.1177/0893318907306037
  • Broadfoot, K. J., & Munshi, D. (2013). Postcolonial approaches. The SAGE handbook of  organizational communication: Advances in theory, research, and methods, 151-172.
  • Dempsey, S. E. (2009). NGOs, Communicative Labor, and the Work of Grassroots Representation. Communication and Critical/Cultural Studies, 6(4), 328–345.
  • Banerjee, S. B. (2011). Voices of the governed: Towards a theory of the
    translocal. Organization, 18(3), 323-344.
  • Broadfoot, K. J., & Munshi, D. (2015). Agency as a process of translation. Management Communication Quarterly, 29(3), 469-474.
  • Fanon, F. (2008). Black skin, white masks. Grove press.
  • Frenkel, M., & Shenhav, Y. (2006). From binarism back to hybridity: A postcolonial reading of management and organization studies. Organization Studies, 27(6), 855-876.
  • Hanchey, J. (2018). Reworking Resistance: A Postcolonial Perspective on International NGOs. In P. Salem & E. Timmerman (Eds.), Transformative Practice and Research in Organizational Communication(pp. 274–291). IGI Gloabl.
  • Hegde, R. S., & Shome, R. (2002). Postcolonial scholarship—productions and directions: An interview with Gayatri Chakravarty Spivak. Communication Theory, 12(3), 271-286.
  • Jack, G., Westwood, R., Srinivas, N., & Sardar, Z. (2011). Deepening, broadening and re-asserting a postcolonial interrogative space in organization studies, Organization, 18(3), 275-302.
  • Mohanty, C. (1988). Under Western eyes: Feminist scholarship and colonial discourses. Feminist review, 30(1), 61-88.
  • Mumby, D. K., & Stohl, C. (1996). Disciplining organizational communication studies. Management Communication Quarterly, 10(1), 50-72.
  • Munshi, D., Broadfoot, K. J., & Hall, M. L. (2017). Postcolonial approaches. In C. R. Scott, L. Lewis (Eds.), J. R. Barker, J. Keyton, T. Kuhn, & P. K. Turner (Assoc. Eds.), International encyclopedia of organizational communication(pp. 1–13).
  • Nkomo, S. M. (2011). A postcolonial and anti-colonial reading of ‘African’leadership and management in organization studies: Tensions, contradictions and possibilities. Organization, 18(3), 365-386.
  • Said, E. W. (1995). Orientalism: western conceptions of the Orient. 1978. Harmondsworth, Eng.: Penguin, 115.
  • Shome, R. (1996). Postcolonial interventions in the rhetorical canon: An “other” view. Communication theory, 6(1), 40-59.
  • Hanchey, J. N. (2018). Toward a relational politics of representation. Review of Communication, 18(4), 265–283.
  • Ghosh, A. (2015b). LGBTQ Activist Organizations as ‘Respectably Queer’ in India: Contesting a Western View. Gender, Work & Organization, 22(1), 51–66.
  • Grimes, D. S., & Parker, P. S. (2009). Imagining organizational communication as a
    decolonizing project: In conversation with Broadfoot, Munshi, Mumby, and Stohl. Management Communication Quarterly, 22(3), 502-511.
  • Cooke, B. (2004). The managing of the (third) world. Organization, 11(5), 603-629.
  • Cooke, B., & Kothari, U. (Eds.). (2001). Participation: The new tyranny?. Zed books.
  • Ashcroft, B., Griffiths, G., & Tiffin, H. (2013). Post-colonial studies: The key concepts. Routledge.
  • Ashcroft, B., Griffiths, G., & Tiffin, H. (Eds.). (2006). The post-colonial studies reader. Taylor & Francis.